There is no denying fact that some leaders are born great, but it is also fact leader have learned a lot of things through teaching, the experience of life and after a lot of observations.I tend to believe that Mahatma Gandhi is the great leader. Heis the father of the nation.”My experiments with truth” book describes the life of Mahatma Gandhi and Mahatma Gandhi’s autobiography. It is one of the best books which describe the whole life of Mahatma Gandhi. This book covers the whole life, autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi’s up to 1928.Gandhiji autobiographies generally obtain self-praise from all people around the world.
Mahatma Gandhi has given a lot of sacrifices for the sake of the country. Other autobiographies usually criticize their opponents and try to boost their images in the eyes of people. But the reality is that Mahatma Gandhi autobiographies are free from all these things. He always follows the truth, sincerity in their whole life. He is a role model for all of us.
He always follows moral principles, and it is a bitter truth he was too harsh on himself. He did not believe in fake things and he did not want to show the people how good he was. The main motive of life is the realization of the truth. He follows spiritual principles and believes in practical life. He always ready to remove impurities in himself. He always tried to stick to the truth and gave the message to people follow right pat, truth in their life.
Sticking to the truth means Satyagraha. Gandhi called his experiments as “experiments with truth and in other words, he called experiments in the science of Satyagraha.
India calls Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of Nations. People knew Mahatma Gandhi as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi always showered their love to Children, people, the nation in an unprecedented measure. He was one of the great sages and Prophets. Mahatma Gandhi was almost incarnation of God who had comes to this world to break the chains of slavery. The whole world gives him a lot of reverence, respect for their Sacrifices.
Even their opponents bowed to him in reverence. Mahatma Gandhi was a great Warrior and great scholar. Mahatma Gandhi did not declare himself as prophets or having super human’s powers. He did not consider himself a great orator, great writer. He always asserted himself the Simple person. He believes in Simple living and High Thinking. He was born in middle – Class family known as bania Family. He was the humble, polite and far-sighted person. He always followed sincerity, honesty, truthfulness in their whole life. He was the shy, nervous, and mediocre student. For Mahatma Gandhi, Understanding meant action.
Mahatma Gandhi Believed in soul force. Soul force was the force of the greatest power. He started constructive programme Satyagraha. This Programme was meant to awaken and strengthen the soul force. He always tried and aroused a nation from semi-consciousness. India was not a united country; the society was divided into different classes, castes, and races. And there is the variety of people with different languages, religions, and culture. The environment was that where almost half of the population of women was behind purdah or confined to four walls of the house. Mahatma Gandhi never flinches from taking risks and he never minds to confess mistakes. Mahatma Gandhi was a strong personality and no opposition party could affect him.
He did a lot of sacrifices for the people. He always Believed in god, and always saw god in the oppressed and depressed people. Mahatma Gandhi was a fragile man, and it was not easy for anyone to break him. He is the best example of soul force and conviction. Mahatma Gandhi was a fragile man so he could Mobilize the masses and defeat mighty British Empire. Mahatma Gandhi believed in eleven vows and his techniques of Satyagraha helped the people to awaken and strengthen the soul force. He was a great motivational personality. He always inspired the masses to fight For their rights.
Gandhi Non – Cooperation Movement
Mahatma Gandhi main motive is to get complete Independence for the country. So For this purpose, the Congress passed the act, which is called” Quit India Resolution” and it was declared on 8th August 1942.At this moment Gandhi and other leaders were arrested. At that time there was a great revolt rose in the country. Due to revolt all the sides, Government property, and public places were burnt and destroyed in several places and Different areas. Due to this, railways lines and telegraphic communications were not working at that time. Most of the great leaders were in jail. People who are unarmed faced Police Lathis, and bullets.
The People on the roads showed unprecedented courage and Heroism. Most of Government Machinery was paralyzed. Many worker and people went underground. 1000 people died in firing, and almost 1600 were injured and approximately 60000, people were arrested. Government Property was completely burnt in the atmosphere of great violence. In this revolt, there was no harm to Englishmen and People.
With the help of Gandhi temptation and contribution, the rebellion was slowly put down. Gandhi was prisoned and put in Agakhan jail. Gandhiji was accused and blamed by the British for creating disturbances. Gandhiji could bear these false accuses which were imposed by Britishers and this complete matter of his questioning of his faith, trust, sincerity, and honesty. So Gandhiji fasted for 21 days. Gandhiji had lost her wife Kasturba and his Secretary Mahadev Desai in the Agakhan Palace. It was the great tragic movement for Gandhiji Life. This was a great blow to him. Gandhi was finally released from the Agakhan palace in May 1944 on health grounds. Then after this, he had made complete efforts to break the political stalemate.
Problems of India in South Africa
In South Africa, the Small Indian Community was facing many problems. The Laborers was
In bad condition. The condition of Laborers was like slaves. 4000 Laborers were sent from
India to South Africa around the year 1860-1890. Many of the Laborers who came from
India to South Africa was settled there. After their agreement period, they have started Business or farming there. Many of the Europeans did not like Indians to settle in South Africa. The Europeans faced difficulty to face competition from Indian Traders. Consequently, white rulers imposed heavy taxes and restrictions on Indians.
Even Europeans did not give citizenship rights to Indians, Like Right to Vote. Many of Indians were humiliated. They were called coolies. Many of the Newspaper published Indians were uncivilized and dirty. Even Indians had not permission to enter any hotel and even not allow traveling in railways. They were hated and criticized in all matters by the dominant white community.
Gandhiji fights for Racial Discrimination
Gandhiji had traveled to Pretoria because Gandhiji had pinched with a lot of Racial Discrimination in South Africa. When he had traveled to Pretoria, and he was traveling In the first class, then Railways officials and white passengers asked him to leave the First Class compartment. Gandhiji refused but the truth was that he was thrown out along this Luggage. It was the severely cold night on the platform of Maritz burg Station. It was difficult Night for Gandhiji, Gandhiji spent the whole night shivering and thinking furiously. Eventually, he decided to stay in South Africa and took steps to eradicate Racial Discrimination and suffered a lot of hardships. It was a historic decision. It had completely transformed Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji had covered some distance by a stagecoach.
During his traveling, Gandhiji was too insulted and beaten. When Gandhiji reached Pretoria, He called the meeting of the Local Indians. When he made a conversation with India, he had To learn about the severe conditions of Indians there. Then he formed an association there And made his first public speech. He offered the services for the cause. Gandhiji later through arbitration settled the case. But when he knew in a farewell party, about the bill To restrict Indian franchise. Gandhiji thought that it had grave implications. The people forced him to stay in Africa for some time. He was agreed to it. Now, this was the first fight for Gandhiji. He organized a signature campaign and addressed the meeting and written the formal request to the legislative assembly. Gandhiji became a successful lawyer and he started regular legal Practice. At the same moment, National Indian Congress was born and permanent agitation Many illiteral laborers also joined this struggle. After that for a brief period, Gandhiji visited India in 1896.When he came to India he had met with renowned leaders and these leaders also joined more publicity to South Africa Struggle.
In South Africa, Rumours had reached that Gandhiji had defamed the whites there and Whites thought that Gandhiji was coming with a large number of Indians to swamp the Natal Colony. It was wrong. These all humor and rumors made Gandhiji furious. Gandhiji Had to face the fury, he had entered the port town secretly, but he was found out. Whites wanted to hang him, But luckily Police Superintendent saved him and his wife. Gandhiji forgave his assailants.
In conclusion, some leaders are born great by god grace while other leaders are made after learning a lot of things like perceptions, teaching, and experience of life.Every Leader has leadership characteristics that describe his real identity.
Essay Never Judge a Person By External Influences
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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Gandhinagar district.
For other uses, see Gandhinagar (disambiguation).
Gandhinagar ( pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital of the state of Gujarat in Western India. Gandhinagar is located approximately 23 km north of Ahmedabad, on the west central point of the Industrial corridor between Delhi, the political capital of India, and Mumbai, the financial capital of India.
Gandhinagar, Gujarat's new capital city, lies on the west bank of the Sabarmati River, about 545 km (338 miles) north of Mumbai, the financial capital of India and 901 km (560 miles) southwest of Delhi, the political capital.[better source needed] There is a provision of parks, extensive planting and a recreational area along the river giving the city a green garden-city atmosphere.[better source needed]
The Akshardham temple is located in Gandhinagar. There was a determination to make Gandhinagar a purely Indian enterprise, partly because the state of Gujarat was the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi.[better source needed] For this reason, the planning was done by two Indian town planners: Prakash M Apte & H. K. Mewada, who had apprenticed with Le Corbusier in Chandigarh.
The new capital city was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte.
As of 2001[update] India census, Gandhinagar had a population of 195,891. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gandhinagar has an average literacy rate of 77.11%. Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Gandhinagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Over 95% of the population of Gandhinagar are Hindus.
Gandhinagar has an average elevation of 81 metres (266 feet). The city sits on the banks of the Sabarmati River, in north-central-East Gujarat. The 20,543 km2 Area Around Gandhinagar is defined by Gujarat capital Territory. It spans an area of 205 km2 (79 sq mi). The river frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. Gandhinagar is India's tree capital With 54% green cover on its land area.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Gandhinagar has a tropical wet and dry climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. The climate is generally dry and hot outside of the monsoon season. The weather is hot to severely hot from March to June when the maximum temperature stays in the range of 36 to 42 °C (97 to 108 °F), and the minimum in the range of 19 to 27 °C (66 to 81 °F). It is pleasant in the winter days and quite chilling in the night during December to February. The average maximum temperature is around 29 °C (84 °F), the average minimum is 14 °C (57 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average annual rainfall is around 803.4 mm (31.63 in).
Governance and politics
Further information: Gandhinagar (Lok Sabha constituency), Chief Ministers of Gujarat, and Gandhinagar Municipal Corporation
On 1 May 1960, Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. These districts were further subdivided later on. There are 33 administrative districts in the state. Gandhinagar is a politics hub for the state of Gujarat. Sri L.k. Advani is Present Elected member for 19 years from Gandhinagar seat in Loksabha Election.
Congress won the first municipality election in 2011.Mahendrasinh Rana became the first mayor of the city.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport located in Ahmedabad is 18 km away from Gandhinagar, providing both domestic and international flights.
|Owner||Government of Gujarat|
|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||4|
Gandhinagar Capital railway station (GNC ) is located in Sector 14. Many trains running on the western zones pass through Gandhinagar. Currently there are 5 trains running from this station in which 3 are express trains and 2 are MEMU trains.Jaipur-Bandra Garib Rath, Haridwar mail for Delhi and Haridwar and Shanti Express for Indore Junction BG are main express trains running through this station.
Ahmedabad Railway Station in Kalupur Ahmedabad is the nearest rail junction (25 km away) which provides connectivity with all the major cities and towns of India. The Indian Railways transports are Available for Moving in Northern India & Eastern India From Kalol Railway Station.
Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad
The Governing Body of Gujarat planned for rapid transit in the city by proposing the Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad (MEGA) also known as the Ahmedabad Metro. The contract for the four corridors of the system were awarded to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) which also manages the Delhi Metro.Delhi Metro carried out a pre-feasibility survey in 2004–05. In 2003, when the project was conceived, its cost was worked out at Rs 45 billion.
The DMRC (Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd) has already done its techno-feasibility study and submitted its report.
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- ^New development plan will kill G’nagar, warns original planner. The Times of India.
- ^Architecture, Low Cost Housing, Regional Planning, Urban Development, Town Planner, Housing, India, Prakash, Madhusudan, Apte, Eisenhover, Gandhinagar, Urban Planning, Urban Growth. Angelfire.com (21 June 2014).
- ^The building of GANDHINAGAR NEW CAPITAL OF GUJARAT:INDIA, Prakash Madhusudan Apte, Power Publishers, March 2012
- ^"Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
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- ^IMDArchived 4 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
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- ^"Congress wins maiden Gandhinagar civic poll – The Times of India". The Times of India.
- ^"Govt lines up Rs 1 lakh cr for Metro projects-Railways-Transportation-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times". The Economic Times. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- ^"Delhi Metro to discuss Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar link – Ahmedabad – City". The Times of India. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
|Religions in Gandhinagar|