The majority of Americans have a clear and strong stance when it comes to the death penalty, no matter which side of the debate they sit on. Supporters of this punishment argue that it serves as a deterrent to crime, and that justice is being served. My personal stance on the death penalty is that it is an outdated and ineffective punishment, serving no true benefit to society and causing more harm than good to society as a whole.
When looking at the argument that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to others thinking about committing the same crime, we need only look to other countries around the world as examples to disprove this. Throughout the world, we are able to see that, in those countries where there is no death penalty, murders and other violent crimes happen at a much lower rate than in the United States. It does seem counter-intuitive, but the evidence is clear.
We can also clearly see that, in the United States, many people still commit these horrendous crimes, knowing full well that capital punishment exists. In the heat of the moment, when a person is not thinking clearly and logically, the existence of the death penalty and the possibility that they could be facing this punishment does not typically cross their mind, and cause them to alter their behavior. The consequences of their actions are not at the forefront of their minds while they’re in the midst of carrying out those actions. We can see this in the consistent, and increasing, number of violent crimes being committed year after year in this country.
There have also been widely publicised cases of wrongly convicted individuals, who were either put to death or were awaiting their punishment, that were revealed to be innocent. In the cases where the death penalty had already been carried out, it was too late for those innocent people. And, in the cases where innocence was discovered in time, we can only be thankful that it wasn’t too late. There are definitely cases of people being wrongly accused and convicted, and for each case that’s brought to light, we must keep in mind that there are likely more that we’ve never – and will never – hear about. Having even one innocent person put to death wrongly is a crime unto itself.
We must also look at the mental competence of the individuals being convicted and sentenced to this punishment. If a person is not mentally capable of processing and understanding the actions they have committed, it is ethically wrong to execute them for this.
When looking at the ethics of capital punishment, it’s also essential to assess whether or not it constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been advancements in the technologies being used to enact the death penalty that are designed to lessen the pain and suffering a person endures. But, in reality, the only individuals who can attest to their effectiveness are those being executed. We cannot say for certain whether or not someone suffered unduly while they were being executed, whether everything worked as it should to ensure a quick and painless death.
And, yes, there are those who will argue that a death marked by pain and suffering is a part of the justice being served. But, as we try to hold ourselves as a nation to a higher standard than our worst criminals, we should at the very least allow our justice system to work as it should, according to the Supreme Court. And, nowhere in history has the Supreme Court ever advocated for the use of cruel and unusual punishment. We would like to think that we have more compassion and humanity than those who have committed such horrendous crimes, and as such, we should demonstrate this by showing them the humanity they denied someone else, not by sinking to their level.
The argument for or against the death penalty has been passionately argued throughout our nation’s history, with each side having their own strong viewpoints. When we look at the evidence from around the world on the effectiveness of capital punishment as a deterrent, as well as the ethical dilemma of potentially executing innocent or mentally incompetent individuals, it is easy to see that the practice of capital punishment offers no benefits to our society.
There have been many controversies on the topic of capital punishment and its role within society. Capital punishment is also known as the "death penalty." This is when a person has committed a crime that is punishable by death via fatal injection. When a person is convicted of a crime that is punishable by death, he or she is then placed on what is known as death row. This is the line, or waiting period, before the actual death sentence is administered. Many times while people are awaiting his or her capital punishment, there is a process or series of appeals that are filed in order to try to get that person off of death row. However, attorneys are not always successful and there are still people who are put to death.
In regards to the acceptance of capital punishment, the use of this punishment is not always active in all states across the nation. There have been many states that have banned the use of this punishment, and then a couple years later a new administration will reactivate the punishment. The act of using capital punishment to atone for one's actions or crimes is used all around the world in different countries. It is a controversial issue because so many people feel very strongly for the use of the death sentence, and others feel very strongly against the use of it. The people who feel strongly for the use of the death sentence typically site the fact that they feel as though it is only right to take the life of someone who has taken the lives of others. Then there is another side to the argument where people site the fact that they feel as though it does not justify killing a human being just because he or she did it to another. Both sides of the argument make valid points and support their arguments with strong evidence.
When it comes to capital punishment, the various societies around the world have to come to a majority decision on what is right for them. There is no one "right" answer for the entire world, because the different governments through out time will ultimately change the regulations again, and again. This is a difficult decision to make especially because it is the matter of putting another person's life in the hands of the people and the government. It is not likely that there will ever be a unified view on this topic.